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Voting turnout of Finnish citizens resident in Finland in the Parliamentary Elections in 1908-2019

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number, %
Statistics Finland
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Quality descriptions
Concepts and definitions
ReviewsRight to vote
The universal and equal right to vote was established by the 1906 electoral reform whereby women obtained the right to vote.
The general voting age was set at 24 years. The requirements forentitlement to vote included Finnish citizenship,
the voting age laid down in the Election Act and residence in Finland.
In 1944 the right to vote in national elections was lowered to 21 years, in 1969 it was reduced to 20 years and in 1972 the voting age was lowered to 18 years.
In 1972-1995 persons having attained the age of 18 years by the end of the year prior to the electoral year
who had been residents in Finland in accordance with the Municipality of Residence Act on the first day of the year before the electoral year and who had not lost their right to
vote for a specific reason were included in the electoral lists of the voting districts of their respective municipality.
Finnish citizens having attained the age of 18 by the end of 1974 who were or had been residents in Finland were also entitled to vote.
Persons who were not residents in Finland on 1 Jan. 1974 but who were thus entitled to vote were included in the electoral list of the constituency to which the municipality belonged whose
population registry centre had made the latest entry in their respect.
Persons not resident in Finland had the possibility of exercising their right to vote in advance voting only.
In the 1975 Parliamentary elections, the right to vote was extended to cover Finnish citizens not resident in Finland.
From 1999 onwards every Finnish citizen, irrespective of place of residence, has been entitled to vote provided that he or she has reached the age of 18 not later than on the day of the election.
In 1975, the reform of the population register system permitted the extension of the right to vote to Finnish citizens not resident in Finland
in the year on which the electoral lists are based.
Finnish citizens resident abroad were entitled to take part in Parliamentary elections for the first time in 1975.
At that time Finnish citizens not resident in Finland were included in separate electoral lists of constituencies and they were entitled to exercise their right to vote only in advance voting.
In the 1999 Parliamentary elections the practice had changed (change in force since 1996) so that all persons entitled to vote in the elections were included in a single voting register.
As from that time Finnish citizens resident abroad have been able to participate (in addition to advance voting) in elections also on the actual Election Day.
In this context the possibility of compiling separate election result statistics for Finnish citizens resident abroad was lost. See invalid ballots in 1999 =>

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